Ethiopia – Doro Wat, Mesir Wat and Fasolia

This week I cooked some dishes inspired by Ethiopia. I don’t think I have ever really read about Ethiopian cuisine before, and so this week I ended up learning a lot. There are so many good websites and blogs with recipes for Ethiopian food that I was spoilt for choice. What became clear is that in a lot of recipes it would be very helpful to have a berbere spice mix, an ethiopian spice blend. While you can buy it I decided to try and make my own as I already had the component spices in the house. The recipe I went for was from the Daring Gourmet blog. Don’t be put off by the relatively long list of spices (coriander seeds, cumin seeds, fenugreek seeds, black peppercorns, allspice berries, cardamon pods, cloves, dried chilies, sweet paprika, nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon and tumeric) its a very simple blend to make.

A lot of what I read suggested making a range of dishes to be served on Injera bread, but I didn’t time in the day to get hold of teff flour, so I ended up just focusing on the dishes, and serving everything with pitta bread. Of the many different dishes that looked and sounded delicious I went for three based on the ingredients I already had, with a mix of meat and vegetables: doro wat (a spiced chicken dish), mesir wat (a spiced lentil stew) and fasolia (a spiced vegetable dish).

Ethiopian food

Doro wat (adapted from The Daring Gourmet blog)

Ingredients

  • 3 chicken breasts, cut small pieces
  • 2 tbsp lemon juice
  • 5 tbsp butter
  • 2 tbsp olive oil
  • 2 onions (put in a food processor to until well a chunky puree)
  • 3 cloves garlic finely chopped
  • 1 tbsn grated ginger
  • ¼ cup berbere spice mix (described above)
  • 1 tsp salt
  • ½ cup white wine mixed with 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1 cup chicken stock

Method

  1. Put the chicken pieces in a bowl and add the lemon juice over and mix well. Leave to rest for around 1 hour.
  2. Heat 2 tbsp of the butter with the olive oil, and then add the onions and cook for 20 minutes.
  3. Add the garlic, ginger, and 1 tbsp of butter and cover for 10 minutes.
  4. Add the berbere spice mix and the remaining butter and cover. Cook for 15 minutes on a low heat.
  5. Add the chicken, stock, and wine with honey, and bring to a boil. Then reduce the heat to low, cover, and simmer for 45 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  6. Check the seasoning, add more salt or spice to taste and then cook for a further 15 minutes uncovered.

Mesir wat (adapted from the Cook’s Hideout blog)

Ingredients

  • 1 tbsp oil
  • 1 cup of red lentils
  • 1 finely chopped onion
  • 1 tsp grated ginger
  • 2 garlic cloves finely chopped
  • 2 green chilies finely chopped
  • 3 tbsp tomato puree
  • 2 tbsp berbere spice
  • 1/2 tsp salt

Method

  1. Heat 1 tbsp oil in a medium sauce pan and add the onion and chilies. Cook  for 3-4 minutes.
  2. Add ginger and garlic and cook for another minute.
  3. Add the tomato puree and berbere spice mix, cook for 2-3 minutes.
  4. Add 3 cups of water and bring the to the boil then simmer for about 15-20 minutes until the lentils are cooked.
  5. Add salt to season at the end.

Fasolia (adapted from the berbere diaries blog)

IngredientsFasolia ethiopian food

  • 2 finely chopped onions, chopped
  • 1/3 c. groundnut (or other flavourless oil)
  • 4 tbsp tomato puree
  • 150g green beans chopped
  • 3 carrots, chopped
  • 1-2 tomatoes, chopped
  • 1 tbsp grated ginger
  • 3 garlic cloves, finely chopped
  • salt, to season

Method

  1. Cook the onions on for five minutes, in a bit of the oil.
  2. Add the rest of the oil and cook for another five minutes.
  3. Add the tomato puree and simmer for 3 minutes.
  4. Add the green beans and carrots, stir and cover.
  5. Cook on medium heat for 10-15 minutes, then add the tomato, ginger, garlic, and salt and simmer.

I may have only recent discovered ethiopian recipes, but I will be sure to try more. I really like the berbere spice mix, which is quite spicy (and if you’re not so happy with spicy food you might want to reduce the amount of spice mix you add), but also smoky and adds so much flavour. I still have a bit left of the batch I made so I’ll probably add that to a soup at some point soon. Another country ticked off for this year.

Ethiopia

 

Turkey: Imam Bayildi

Imam BayildiI hadn’t intended on cooking anything else new this week for my 2016 challenge but after looking in the fridge at the vegetable that needed using I was reminded of a Turkish dish I had recently seen a recipe for. This dish can be made as a main course, or as a side dish. The recipe shown here is enough to serve it as a side dish for two people. It is an adaptation of a recipe from Yotam Ottolenghi written in the Guardian which suggests it should be served at room temperature – but I served it hot because it’s January and I didn’t want cold food.

Imam Bayildi translates as ‘the imam fainted’ supposedly making reference to an imam who depending on which story you believe either fainted with pleasure after eating the dish, or fainted after learning the amount of olive oil used to make it (according to what I have read here, and other places). Having looked at a few different recipes there are many which use a lot more olive oil, but I have kept it to a minimum in this one. I did however have too much tomato and so in the end more filling than was necessary for one aubergine. This amount could have easily filled two.

Ingredients

  • 1 aubergines
  • 1/2 lemon
  • Salt and black pepper
  • 2 tbsp olive oil
  • 1/2 onion, peeled and thinly sliced
  • 1 red pepper, chopped into small pieces
  • 1 garlic cloves (sliced)
  • 3/4 tsp ground cumin
  • 1/2 tsp paprika
  • 3 tomatoes (or a small tin)
  • pinch of caster sugar
  • 1/2 tsp dried oregano

Instructions

  1. Use a vegetable peeler to peel strips off the aubergine, lengthways, so it ends up with stripes all the way round.
  2. Make an short incision into the aubergine and cut along the centre to around 3cm from the top and bottom (this is the opening that will be used to fill the aubergine later).
  3. In a bowl cover the aubergine in cold water, add the lemon juice and a 1 tsp of salt. To make sure the aubergine remains in the water use a plate or similar to weigh it down. Leave this to soak for around 1 hour and the pat dry before the next stage.
  4. In a frying or satuee pan heat the oil and fry the aubergine for 10 minutes. Remove from the pan.
  5. In the same pan fry the onions and peppers for 10 minutes. Meanwhile pour boiling water over the tomatoes (if using fresh ones) and leave for 1 minute and then peel the skins, and chop the remaining tomato flesh.
  6. Add garlic and spices and cook for around a minute, making sure the spices don’t burn. Then add the tomato, and season with salt and pepper.
  7. Add a tablespoon of water, pinch of sugar and a sprinkle of dried oregano. Put the aubergine on top of the mixture. Cover the pan and turn the heat down to simmer for around 20 minutes. Meanwhile preheat the oven to 180oC.
  8. Remove aubergine from the pan and place into a small oven proof dish. Find the incision you made at the beginning and stuff the aubergine with the tomato/pepper mixture. Sprinkle with some salt and then cover with foil. Bake for 35 minutes.
  9. When serving sprinke with more oregano.

Turkey flag